“Forgotten Hollywood”- An Honor For Bob Mackie…

April 18th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   The Chicago History Museum’s Costume Council plans to honor fashion designer Bob Mackie. He is famous for his sparkling, imaginative costume designs, and will receive the council’s Designer of Excellence Award on Tuesday. He’s often called the sultan of sequins, the rajah of rhinestones, won numerous Emmy Awards for his designs, and received an Academy Awards nomination.

bioset4_large   bioSet2_large

   The 77-year-old designer has dressed many stars in Hollywood, including Rita Hayworth, Liberace, Betty Grable, Lena Horne, Judy Garland, Shirley Jones, Janet Leigh, Julie Andrews, Ann-Margaret, Bette Midler, Mae West, Gale Storm, Robert Goulet, Ann Miller, Jane Powell, Ella Fitzgerald, Barbara Stanwyck, Mary Martin, Ethel Merman, Jack Palance, Debbie Reynolds, Shirley MacLaine, Martha Raye, Angie Dickenson, Liza Minnelli, Barbara Eden, Anne Baxter, Jayne Mansfield, and Mitzi Gaynor. He was the costume designer for the The Carol Burnett Show during its entire 11-year run. It was his genius providing the memorable curtain gown in the very funny Gone with the Wind sketch on the variety show. Bob also designed the clothes for its spinoff, Mama’s Family; and for the 1993 television adaptation of Gypsy.

   Mackie and future life partner Ray Aghayan, worked with legendary costumer Edith Head in 1961 while working as a novice designer at Paramount Studios. They received an Oscar nod for their work with Diana Ross in Lady Sings the Blues. Bob also designed the exotic ensemble worn by Cher at the March 1986 Academy Awards: black stretch pants, knee high boots, a black chain-link top, a bejeweled loincloth, and a huge feathered Mohawk headdress that was one and a half times taller than her head. One of Mackie’s favorite projects was to design the dresses for collector’s edition of Barbie Dolls.

   The Chicago group says its award goes to visionary designers who have indelibly left their mark on the fashion world. The council owns a costume collection and operates a conservation lab. Among its holdings are items from Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln, gospel singer Mahalia Jackson, and Michael Jordan’s basketball uniform.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- A Museum For the Tramp…

April 17th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   The legacy of the Hollywood legend behind The Dictator and Modern Times lives on today in the minds of stars like Johnny Depp and Robert Downey Jr. on Broadway, and in the cultural consciousness. But, he never had a brick-and-mortar museum honoring his life achievements.

6-Chaplin's World™ © Bubbles Incorporated_studio_116

   That changed Sunday with the public opening of Chaplin’s World, a multi million-dollar project in the Swiss village of Corsier-sur-Vevey. The immersive museum is the first of its kind in the world to honor Charlie Chaplin, and has added value because it’s at a place he called home.

3-Chaplin's World™ © Bubbles Incorporated_manoir_222 (1)


   Built in 1840, the Manoir de Ban is where Chaplin lived his last 25 years raising children, writing music and movie scripts, and contemplating his legacy far from the glare of the Hollywood spotlight. Visitors can see his trademark bowler hat and cane, a replica studio, and the bedroom where he died at age 88 in 1977. The museum will screen endless clips from his films in the 150-seat cinema, and provide interactive exhibits. To complete Chaplin’s portrait as a writer, composer and producer, the project developers have access to his 81 films, 15,000 photos stocked at the Elysée Museum in Lausanne, and 200,000 documents archived in Montreux. In a case, there is the certificate signed by Queen Elizabeth II when Chaplin was knighted in 1975. And in another, there is his honorary Academy Award, and the Oscar he won for the score of Limelight.

epa05261180 A visitor named Gus poses with a wax figure of Charlie Chaplin during the inauguration and the opening of the museum "Chaplin's World by Grevin" at the Manoir de Ban, in Corsier, above Vevey, Switzerland, 16 April 2016. Chaplin's World, a museum on English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer Charlie Chaplin, is set in a 14 hectare park of lush trees, it occupies the mansion where Chaplin lived his last 25 years. EPA/LAURENT GILLIERON

   Working with Paris’ Grevin Museum, which is known for its wax figures, managers have displayed a number of figures of Chaplin (above), as well as friends like Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill on the green 35-acre grounds along Lake Geneva. There are spectacular outdoor views of the Alps, and a café located in an old farm house.

Logo-chaplinsworld-sd   About two dozen of his children and grandchildren were on hand for a ribbon-cutting ceremony Saturday, which was Chaplin’s birthday. Organizers are hoping for more than 300,000 annual visits, with help from a nearby chocolate factory and a medieval castle.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Great Moments with Royal Dano…

April 16th, 2016

Manny P. here… disneylandresortsq

   This week, I visited the Golden Ears group, an exclusive membership of retirees, who helped develop the Disneyland theme park. They seemed to enjoy my Forgotten Hollywood oral presentation. The meeting was held at the Golden Horseshoe Saloon in Frontierland. The book-signing that followed was quite a success.

great-moments-mr-lincoln   After the genial meeting, I was chaperoned around  the park to various rides and attractions. I concluded my fun visit at Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln. Literally, the first place you see as you enter Main Street USA, the stage show at the Opera House features an audio-animatronic version of Honest Abe. It was initially created for the State of Illinois Pavilion at the 1964 New York World’s Fair. The 1965 attraction was unveiled as part of Disneyland’s 10th anniversary.

ill46   Walt Disney was always fascinated with the life of Abraham Lincoln. He even recited the Gettysburg Address to his elementary school class as a small boy. Disney decided to design attractions for the World’s Fair, because he could promote the technology, knowledge, and engineering skill, which would help the theme park industry. Also, these companies agreed to allow Disney to ship the attraction to Disneyland after the Fair’s completion. Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln performed very well, and became one of the big draws at the Fair. It was the first human audio-animatronics figure ever attempted by Walt Disney. Under his personal supervision, Lincoln’s speech was compiled by James Algar (a company legend), who was also the writer and producer of the show.

   At this week’s visit, I noticed something fascinating about the attraction; Abraham Lincoln on the big screen, and his animatronic narration, was voiced by the wonderful character actor — Royal Dano. The introduction was made by voice actor-extraordinaire, Paul Frees. Dano and Frees are the type of actors I’d surely feature in my Forgotten Hollywood Book Series. Royal has joined such fine thespians as Henry Fonda, Raymond Massey, Daniel Day Lewis, and other notables to have played our 16th president. In this case, Dano continues to play Lincoln over two dozen times a day, seven-days-a-week; quite an enduring legacy!



   Royal Dano was prolific in Westerns films and television, co-starring in Bend of the River,  The Red Badge of Courage, The Far Country, Johnny Guitar, Tribute to a Bad Man, Man of the West, The Undefeated, Death of a Gunfighter, The Culpepper Cattle Co., Cahill U.S. Marshal, and The Outlaw Josey Wales on the big screen; and Gunsmoke, Wagon Train, The Rifleman, Cimarron, Bonanza, Daniel Boone, The Big Valley, and Little House on the Prairie on the small screen. He often collaborated with director Anthony Mann, and actors James Stewart and Chuck Connors. Of course, Dano was memorable in other genres of cinema, including The Trouble with Harry7 Faces of Dr. Lao, King of Kings, Moby DickElectra Glide in Blue, and Twin Peaks.

DSC_7159   Walt Disney personally chose Dano, because he felt the actor came the closest to historical descriptions of Lincoln’s voice. When Great Moments moved to Disneyland, Dano’s vocals continued to be a part of the program (until 2001). In 1971, his audio was also used in the Hall of Presidents show with an updated Abe Lincoln speech along Main Street at Walt Disney World in Orlando, FL, which ran until 1993. His revised narration (with the addition of video) returned to Disneyland in 2009. This was the version I enjoyed on Tuesday.

   And though Royal Dano died in 1994, his folksy persona lives on in Anaheim, CA at the Happiest Place on Earth.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- TCM Film Fest Details…

April 15th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Turner Classic Movies has announced the following additions to the 2016 TCM Classic Film Festival. This years event takes place from April 28th to May 1st.

TCM film fest2

   Beloved Oscar and Golden Globe winner Angela Lansbury will introduce the satirical political thriller The Manchurian Candidate. Oscar-winning actress Rita Moreno will attend the previously announced 60th-anniversary screening of The King and I. Billy Dee Williams will present his Emmy-nominated performance in Brian’s Song. And, Oscar winner Faye Dunaway will kick off a showing of Network. The festival will also pay tribute to Golden Globe-Nominee Gina Lollobrigida. There will be a handprint-footprint ceremony. to honor acclaimed filmmaker Francis Ford Coppola. Expect a one-on-one conversation with Burt Reynolds. Other stars attending include director John Singleton, Eva Marie Saint, Elliott Gould, Stacy Keach, and Carl Reiner.

TCM Film Fest   The TCM Classic Film Festival has announced that investigative journalist Carl Bernstein, Oscar-winning screenwriter and director  Tom McCarthy, and screenwriter Josh Singer will join the festivities for the opening night screening of All the President’s Men. Singer and McCarthy just won their statuette for Spotlight.

    Festival attendees will also experience special conversations and panels at Club TCM, including a discussion between Singer, writer, director, and producer James Vanderbilt, broadcast news producer Mary Mapes, and print editor Ben Bradlee Jr. on the challenges of dramatizing the work of journalists for the screen.

   Some unfortunate news, however… TCM host Robert Osborne will be unable to attend this year’s fest, citing a minor health issue. In a letter, he writes:


   I promise to be there to check out the sights and sounds.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Holywood”- Wife of Eli Wallach has Died…

April 14th, 2016

Manny P. here…eli-wallach-anne-jackson

   Anne Jackson was a star of the stage, cinema, and television. Along the way, she was nominated for a Tony Award for her performance in Paddy Chayefsky’s Middle of the Night, and won two Obie Awards. Her marriage to Eli Wallach was one of the longest in Hollywood history: 66 years.   ELI WALLACH / ANNE JACKSON —>

   As an up-and-coming starlet, she studied at The Actor’s Studio and Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City. Her theatre credits include Summer and Smoke, The Waltz of the Toreadors, and Lost in Yonkers. On screen, she appeared in Dirty Dingus Magee, Lovers and Other Strangers, and The Shining.

   She was quite busy on television, guest-starring in The Philco Television Playhouse, Studio One, The Untouchables, The Defenders, Gunsmoke, Marcus Welby M.D., RhodaHighway to Heaven, Law & Order, and ER. She later taught at the HB Studio in Manhattan, and continued to act in cameo roles.

   Anne Jackson was 90.

Until next time>                               “never forget

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Ken Burns and Jackie Robinson…

April 11th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Jack Roosevelt Robinson rose from humble origins to cross baseball’s color line, and became one of the most beloved men in America. Robinson used his immense fame to speak out against the discrimination he saw on and off the field, angering fans, the press, and even former teammates, who had once celebrated him for turning the other cheek. The series will also feature the storied career of Branch Rickey, the baseball executive who brought Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Jackie Robinson

   Before his career with the Dodgers, Jackie Robinson was an acclaimed athlete at Pasadena City College and UCLA. After baseball, he was a widely-read newspaper columnist, a divisive political activist, and a tireless advocate for Civil Rights, who struggled to remain relevant as diabetes crippled his body, and a new generation of leaders set a more militant course for the movement.

 kenburns  Ken Burns shares this remarkable story on most PBS stations. It’s a seldom-shared tale, with plenty of side notes. He declared his upcoming two-part series on the African American baseball legend will also focus on the intersection of race and politics. Burns also notes that the popular image of Robinson as a squeaky clean hero obscures the second baseman’s fierce determination as a player, and a de facto advocate for racial equality.

   The Florentine Films documentary will air in two parts tonight and Tuesday. Black Lives Matter in this production.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Goodbye Norma Jean’s Home…

April 9th, 2016

Manny P. here… norma jean

   A Los Angeles city council member may lose his job because he authorized the demolition of a house once occupied by Marilyn Monroe (right). She lived in the Valley Village house a few miles north of Hollywood six decades ago, when she was 17-year-old Norma Jean Dougherty. Residents were trying to get historical designation for the house, but it was demolished just days before a scheduled hearing in June. City staffers didn’t want the house considered for historical protection, and it was torn down to make way for a condo project. Some might say, the residence was just a Candle in the Wind.

   One Valley Village resident says the destruction of Monroe’s old home is the major reason for an effort to recall Los Angeles city council member Paul Krekorian, a petition for which got official approval last week. Some residents blame Krekorian for not supporting the effort to protect Monroe’s house specifically, and the community he represents. The petition to recall Krekorian accuses him of favoring business interests in development.

   The petition needs more than 18,500 signatures from registered voters in Krekorian’s district for the recall effort to move forward. It could be an uphill battle: Krekorian was re-elected in 2015 with 75% of the vote. However, Marilyn Monroe might be more beloved.

   Just sayin’…

   Until next time>                            “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Frying Mr. Lewis…

April 8th, 2016

Manny P. here…

friar_foundation_landing   At the Friars Club tribute for Jerry Lewis’ 90th birthday, many of the jokes were not about the comedian. When the subject did turn to Lewis, the kidding around turned to praise, and he was honored as a comic master, inspiration, and a savior. About 200 people squeezed into the first floor dining room for the 90 minute event. Lewis, whose birthday was last month, sat to the side of the dais, and laughed and cried. The Friars Club has long been like a second home for the funnyman, whose name appears on the front of the building and whose pictures hang inside.

   Before the tribute, he sipped on a soda in the first floor bar, otherwise known as the Billy Crystal Room, and dined upstairs with such friends as Robert De Niro and Jim Carrey. A birthday card in the lobby was signed by many of the patrons.

jerry lewis and robert de niro


   The tribute touched upon many of the highlights of Lewis’ long and singular career, from his partnership with Dean Martin, to such movies as The Nutty Professor, and his stage performance in Damn Yankees. A compilation of pre-taped greetings included Al Pacino, Steven Spielberg, and Don Rickles, who urged Lewis to go to bed early.

   The mood heated up as the night unfolded. Richard Belzer stripped down to a t-shirt to show off the Jerry Lewis tattoo on his arm; and singer Jack Jones removed his jacket and tie to deliver The Impossible Dream from Man of La Mancha, and he got a standing ovation for hitting some incredible high notes. Lewis, who had the final word, can be the most sentimental and irascible of comedians. He has been known to roast a few audience members, and on Friday night, he skipped any summaries of his career and scolded the crowd for not cheering louder. The crowd obliged.

   Overall, it was a fitting tribute.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- An Arabian Story…

April 5th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Ten years into a broader hunt throughout the Arabian desert, archaeologists have unearthed a bullet they are almost 100% certain is the one Lawrence of Arabia claimed to have fired in 1917 in a guerrilla attack on the Hallat Ammar train. The item found at the site of the famed train ambush comes from a Colt automatic pistol that Lawrence, and likely no one else in his party, carried.

   Many, including his own biographers, have suspected the man originally called T.E. Lawrence wove tales too grand to be true, saying his book The Seven Pillars of Wisdom exaggerates the role he played as a liaison officer with the rebel forces during the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Turks and Germans between 1916 and 1918. Critics have cast doubts on the book since it was first published in 1922.  Coincidentally, a Hejaz Railway engine nameplate was discovered just two months ago, further fortifying Lawrence’s story of the ambush.

Lawrence_in_Arabia   Peter OToole

                       T.E. LAWRENCE                                PETER O’TOOLE

   His tall tales were grand enough to inspire the 1962 epic Oscar-winning motion picture that starred Peter O’Toole in the title role, and was directed by David Lean.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Arclight Nationwide Classic Film Fest

April 4th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Arclight Cinemas is presenting a nationwide classic film festival throughout the Spring. Some of the all time great motion pictures are on tap. Here are the details…


ET The Sound of Music Gone_With_The_Wind

April 26th – Beach Cities
The Sound Of Music

April 24th – Bethesda

May 3rd – Sherman Oaks

Gone With The Wind

April 24th – Chicago

April 27th – Bethesda

May 1st – Glenview

Jaws The Godfather Army of Darkness

May 1st – Bethesda
May 1st – Chicago
May 1st – Hollywood
May 1st – La Jolla
May 1st – Pasadena

The Godfather

April 21st – Chicago
April 21st – Hollywood

Army of Darkness

April 24th – Hollywood
April 24th – La Jolla

April 27th – Chicago

Sunset Blvd. Aliens
Sunset Boulevard

April 27th – Santa Monica

May 4th – Chicago

Blade Runner: Final Cut

April 28th – La Jolla

May 4th – Hollywood


April 28th – Sherman Oaks

May 4th – Hollywood

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Patent Pending…

April 3rd, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Missing for decades, the Wright brothers’ patent for their Flying Machine was found last month in a manilla envelope among 15-foot-high stacks of patent files in a limestone cave outside a small Kansas city. The holy grail of missing documents, which was supposed to be stored in Washington DC with other priceless papers, was finally recovered.

   The Wright brothers applied for the patent in 1903—nine months later their Flying Machine would spend 12 seconds airborne. One document in the patent file notes the brothers invented a new and useful machine for navigating the air. But, when officials tried to find the patent file for a commemoration in 2000, it had disappeared.

fling machine


   The patent hadn’t actually been seen since 1980, when it was returned to the National Archives following an exhibit at the Smithsonian Institute. While it’s possible the patent file could have been stolen, officials assumed it had simply been misfiled, which can be even worse when you’re dealing with millions of patent papers.

   Sixteen years of hunting ended when archivist Bob Beebe — close to giving up during a search of a cave used to store records outside Lenexa, Kansas — opened one last box on March 22nd. Beebe emailed a colleague about the discovery.

   The infamous Flying Machine patent is finally scheduled to be exhibited next month at the National Archives Museum. Don’t you just love happy endings…

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- The Essential Scorsese…

April 2nd, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Film fans in Australia will have the chance to revisit ten classic motion pictures from Martin Scorsese on the big screen. The movies will screen at the 2016 Sydney Film Festival (June 8th -19th). The filmmaker’s electrifying and enduring collaboration with Robert De Niro, which began with Mean Streets, and included Taxi Driver, New York New York, Goodfellas, The King of Comedy, Casino, and Raging Bull (one of the performances earning De Niro an Oscar). Each are on this year’s schedule.

Shutter Island movie image


   The retrospective program titled Essential Scorsese: Selected by David Stratton will kick off with the Scorsese’s breakthrough feature. Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore, which stars Ellen Burstyn in her Academy Award-winning roles, is also on tap. His most recent flick to make the cut is The Aviator. Scorsese’s masterpiece, The Age of Innocence, will round out the program.

   Historically, box-office receipts had been dwindling since the end of World War II. It was time for a change, and an earth-shattering shift was the introduction of a new generation of directors. All were raised on the great productions of the Studio Era; filmmakers who were actually movie buffs. This new wave included Francis Ford Coppola, Peter Bogdanovich, Brian de Palma, Bob Rafelson, Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Jonathan Demme – and above all, Martin Scorsese. One of his early jobs was to edit the documentary Woodstock.

   Essential Scorsese: Selected by David Stratton brings to the Festival for the second year one of Australia’s great masters of film criticism. He will curate a selection of celluloid by one of his favorite living directors. Scorsese is widely considered one of the important cinematic craftsmen of all time. His ground-breaking films and gritty, meticulous style are essential viewing for all fans of Hollywood. Even in the land down-under.

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- The Generosity of Michael Douglas…

March 31st, 2016

Manny P. here…

Michael_Douglas_Navy3   Academy Award winner Michael Douglas (right) is donating his personal collection of more than three dozen film prints to Rochester’s George Eastman Museum. Officials at the photo museum located on the estate of Kodak’s founder say that the Douglas collection of 35 mm and 16 mm prints, 37 in all, includes more than 30 that he starred in or produced.

   Museum Director Bruce Barnes says Douglas was inspired to make the donation after visiting Rochester last May to receive the George Eastman Award for his contributions to the film industry. These kind of donations for posterity sake are quite uncommon.

   Douglas won an Oscar for Best Picture for producing 1975’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, and a statuette for Best Actor for his performance in 1987’s Wall Street. Those two films are among the donated prints. Others include The China Syndrome, Romancing the Stone, and Traffic.

   Bravo to Michael Douglas!

Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Ava Gardner Museum Feels the Burn

March 30th, 2016

Manny P. here… Ava

   The Ava Gardner Museum is home to an incredible collection including original scripts, photos, costumes, and personal effects of screen legend Ava Gardner — a true Hollywood Cinderella story. You can experience her rise from a local country girl to a film goddess. Born near Smithfield, North Carolina, Ava’s friends and co-stars included Mickey Rooney, Clark Gable, Frank Sinatra, and Gregory Peck. Her grave site is located in nearby Sunset Memorial Gardens, approximately two miles from the museum.       AVA GARDNER —->

   Museums face many challenges, from humidity to pests, but perhaps the most worrisome is the threat of fire to an irreplaceable collection. The Ava Gardner Museum is a 501(c) (3)  non-profit organization that has been operated in Ava’s hometown since the 1980s, and is housed in a 100-year-old building. It boasts more than 150,000 artifacts in its permanent collection belonging to the Golden Age of Hollywood actress. This museum suffered a small fire in October which has made their mission even more urgent. Thankfully, damage was minimal, and no artifacts were affected.


   However, due to the age of the historic building, constant upgrades are necessary to ensure the safety and preservation of the collection, as well as those of visiting collections. They are relaunching a campaign in the hope that they can get the funds desperately needed. More than 15 years after their most recent remodel, they are seeking the installation of an efficient fire suppression system which will assist in guarding the collection for fans of Ava and Hollywood in the event of a catastrophe. This project is slated to cost $96,000. They are asking fans and fellow history buffs to help preserve a unique piece of cinematic history and an iconic treasure of Hollywood, as well as North Carolina.

   This fundraising campaign has been approved by the Ava Gardner Trust. The official page of the Ava Gardner Museum and Estate can be accessed at:


Until next time>                               “never forget”

“Forgotten Hollywood”- Remembering Patty Duke…

March 29th, 2016

Manny P. here…

   Oscar-winning actress Patty Duke became a star as a child with the quality of her roles. By 8-years-old, she was largely under the control of husband-and-wife talent managers who kept her busy on soap operas and advertising displays. She overcame a troubled early life to become one of Hollywood’s most respected actresses, and as president of the Screen Actors Guild from 1985 to 1988. Her rocket to fame was assured in the 1960s as the star of The Patty Duke Show, which ran for 104 episodes over three seasons, and earned her the first of many Emmy Award nominations. She eventually won three statuettes for her work in television. At one time, she was married to John Astin; and her sons, Sean and Mackenzie, also became actors.


58. Patty Duke and Helen Keller   Duke won Broadway fame at age 12 in The Miracle Worker, a production that defined her career. She later won an Academy Award reprising her performance as the young Helen Keller in the celebrated 1962 screen adaptation. The courage the teenager portrayed on-screen was breathtaking, and it’s considered a groundbreaking performance. And in 1979, she won an Emmy playing Keller’s teacher — the role originally played on Broadway and on celluloid by Anne Bancroft — in a television version of the stage play. Duke remained close to Bancroft until her passing in 2005.              PATTY DUKE / HELEN KELLER —>

   Duke chose the grittiness of adulthood in the 1967 melodrama Valley of the Dolls, in which she played a showbiz hopeful who falls prey to drug addiction, a broken marriage, and her shattered dreams. The film, based on the best-selling Jacqueline Susann pulp novel, was critically slammed but a commercial sensation. Other screen parts include Prelude to a Kiss, 4-D Man, and The Swarm.

   On television, Patty guest-starred on The Virginian, Night Gallery, Hawaii Five-0, Police Woman, Amazing Grace, Frasier, Touched by an Angel, Judging Amy, and Glee. She also starred in over 40 television movies, docu-dramas, and mini-series.

header_left   Diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 1982, Duke opened up about her condition at a time when such candor was unusual, and she became an activist for mental health causes. In her 1988 memoir Call Me Anna, Patty Duke (left) wrote of her condition the diagnosis she had received, and of the subsequent treatment that helped stabilize her life. The book was adapted into a 1990 television film in which she starred. Duke became an activist, helping to de-stigmatize bipolar disorder. For her effort, the actress would earn several doctorates at universities.

   She spent a great part of her career bringing sight and hearing disability issues, bipolar disorder, and mental health causes to the screen, which made her a very real-life champion. Patty Duke was 69.

Until next time>                               “never forget”